We are advancing in every field and technology which has provided more benefits to us but we fail to realize the consequences of our advancement. We are still exploiting each and every resource provided by the natural environment and has not taken many steps towards re establishment strategies. We can at least think of reducing the pollution exhaled by our own human activities into the environment. With this we come to the concept of “Green Cars” for controlling the levels of pollutants into air.
Hybrid cars run on more than one type of fuel. Most of the hybrid cars run on both gasoline ( petroleum) and electricity. And most of the time the alternate energy source used is electricity in the form of rechargeable batteries. Hybrid cars that use rechargeable batteries are termed as electric hybrid cars.
The common complaints today are the reduction level of gasoline as it is a non-renewable energy which is a major drawback of the conventional cars. Electric cars came out for its remedy but still have its own cons. But hybrid cars can rectify the complaints in the both systems and balances the use of electrical energy and gasoline engine, in their optimum levels.
The Regenerative Braking technology does not require the batteries to be charged by an external source
Some of the most efficient hybrids can manage on battery only during the stop-go conditions of urban traffic. “The Toyota Prius leads the field for efficiency”, so far.
Hybrid car have multifaceted profits; it attributes economical, technical and economical benefits.
The VW L1 shares a different way of thinking in its approach to super-high fuel economy through light weighting, diminutive size, and a small but advanced diesel-electric hybrid power plant. L1 is capable of a whopping 189mpg on the combined cycle while emitting just 39g CO2/km.
Lithium-Ion powered Prius Plug-in-hybrid
By adding PHEV capability, CO2 emissions are reduced to about two-thirds that of the non-PHEV version. The Hybrid system indicator with Electro multi-Vision screen displays the plug-in hybrid's contribution to reducing CO2 emissions via a computer graphic image
Langford reports that the "Whisper Eco-Logic" car gets up to 80 mpg in early stage demonstration testing.
The modified Ford S-Max crossover is built-in with a Capstone C30 Micro Turbine that serves as a range extender, playing a role like that of the small gasoline engine in the Chevy Volt, also a series plug-in hybrid vehicle.
Nuvis Hybrid Concept Car
It has 30 kW electric motor, delivering 205 Nm of torque,
6-speed automatic transmission with an improved-efficiency electric oil pump
Estimated fuel efficiency for the Nuvis is 34 mpg US (6.9 L/100km) city / 35 mpg US (6.7 L/100km) highway.
BMW Vision Concept Car
Range on battery power alone is about 31 miles, according to BMW. It launches from 0 to 62 mph (100 km/h) in 4.8 seconds and, when driven more conservatively, is said to deliver average fuel efficiency in excess of 60 mpg as measured in the EU test cycle. Top speed is an electronically governed 155 mph.
Cayenne S Hybrid
Cayenne S Hybrid provides 20% less CO2 emissions and an average of 27 mpg of fuel efficiency. The Cayenne S Hybrid gets V8 power and acceleration of 4-cylinder fuel efficiency and emissions.
Toyota Prius Hybrid
The Prius "emits up to one tonne less CO2 per year," while on-screen text included: "1 tonne of CO2 less than an equivalent family vehicle with a diesel engine.
Prius has better ratings as a Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle.
Miles on a Tank – 493 miles
Tank Size 11.9 gal
Electric car or Electric Powered Cars are alternative fuel automobiles using only electricity to drive it. They use electric motors and motor controllers to drive the force instead of using internal combustion engine (ICE). Electric cars are generally powered by the on board battery packs. The electric vehicle (EV) gained popularity between the mid-19th century and early 20th century, when electricity was among the favored methods for automobile propulsion.
In terms of performance, the C30 electric runs 0 to 60 mph in under 11 seconds and features a limited top speed of just over 80 mph
Nissan Leaf Electric Car
Just as leaves purify the air in nature, so Nissan LEAF purifies mobility by taking emissions out of the driving experience.
Zero-emission power train and platform
Real-world range autonomy - 160km (100 miles)
Connected Mobility: Advanced intelligent transportation (IT) system
Coda electric car
The Coda has a range of between 90 to120 miles, depending on driving conditions. The company says this is sufficient to satisfy 94 percent of daily driving requirements.
Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Electric
The Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG with its 6.3-litre V-8 has 571 horsepower and 479 lbs-ft of torque. Both should be capable of accelerating from 0 to 62 mph (100 km/hr) in about 4 seconds
LAMPO electric car
A ‘green’ feature offered by the LAMPO includes ecological water-based paint developed by BASF Coatings. Over 80 percent of the on-board electrical energy is converted to driving the wheels, three times better than the best diesel engine, and without using any petroleum
It provides 97 percent efficiency and, unlike alternative solutions, is also low cost and exceptionally compact.
Mercedes Blue Zero Electric Car
It’s not the prettiest car ever but will contribute less to the pollution which is the need of this era. With the full tank of gas and fully charged lithium batteries, it will go 373 miles before stopping.
The electric cars which store the electricity in batteries or capacitors cannot replace all the gasoline based cars. Let’s see an en example. The electric car might not be covering a trip where the gasoline car needs a number of quick fuel stops on the way to continue its ride. And it’s proved that only 90% people are there who accept EV cars.
While electric cars produce no emissions at the tailpipe— indeed they don't have one— their use increases demand for electrical generation. Generating electricity and producing liquid fuels for vehicles are different categories of the energy economy, with different inefficiencies and environmental harms, but both emit carbon dioxide into the environment.
The wheel to wheel(WTW) carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of electric cars is always lower than those of conventional cars, but the amount of savings depend on the emissions intensity of the existing electricity infrastructure.
This study concluded that introducing 1 million EV cars to Germany would, in the best case scenario, only reduce CO2 emissions by 0.1%, if nothing is done to upgrade the electricity infrastructure or manage demand.
An EV recharged from the existing US grid electricity emits about 115 grams of CO2 per km driven, (g(CO2)/km) whereas a conventional gasoline powered car emits 250 g(CO2)/km.
The air powered cars run on compressed air. It sounds odd to hear that cars run on air but it’s the reality. They use engines fueled by compressed air, which is stored in a tank at high pressure such as 30 MPa (300bar).
They use the expansion of compressed air as their fuel. Compressed air cars are emission-free at the 'tailpipe'. Since a compressed air car's source of energy is usually electricity, its total environmental impact depends on how clean the source of this electricity is. The prototype compressed air vehicles - commonly referred to as "air cars" - have been running around for a number of years.
Tit bits of a few fuel saving cars for your read-through:
French Air Car
French engineers have designed a low consumption and low pollution engine for urban motoring that runs on compressed air technology.
Top Speed- 110 km/h
Range - 200 km.
MDI airpod air car
The Air Pod is a small egg shaped urban transporter running only on compressed air, with a reported 120 miles (190 km) range and a top speed of 40 mph (64 km/h). It seats 3 and is said to be available by the end of 2009.
The $12,700 CityCAT, one of a handful of planned Air Car models, can hit 68 mph and has a range of 125 miles.
MDI says it should cost around $2 to fill the car’s carbon-fiber tanks with 340 liters of air at 4350 psi.
The air compressor at the gas station will almost certainly be powered by electricity. The production of that electricity may or may not pollute, depending on how that electricity is generated
Distance could also become a drawback, depending on your travel habits. The distance that an air car can cover without refueling is crucial because very few filling stations will have compressed air pumps available at first.
After all, compressed air tanks can be hazardous. To reduce this danger, the air tanks are made of carbon fiber and are designed to crack, rather than shatter, in a crash. This crack would allow the "fuel" to escape harmlessly into the surrounding air.
A solar vehicle is an electric vehicle which is powered by solar energy collected by the solar panels on the surface of the vehicle. Photo voltaic (PV) cells convert the Sun's energy directly into electrical energy. The solar cars combine the technology used in bicycle, aerospace, alternative energy and automotive.
The blue car is made from LMP battery which is based on Lithium Metal Polymer technology. The creators say that since it is powered by electricity, and therfore produces less CO2 pollution. The LMP seems to be more ethical choice as it is more readily available than the elusive lithium or hydrogen-powered alternatives.
Antro Solo solar car.
Its light, carbon fiber chassis keeps its weight down at 600 pounds, and it can zip along at over 80 mph while getting a whopping 150 mpg. That means you could drive from New York City to Los Angeles on a little less than 19 gallons of gas.
It's got an array of solar panels along the top of the vehicle to power its electric motor, and yet both passengers in the three-seater also have a pair of pedals in front of them, which help give the motor a boost.
Three wheel solar cell car
Hight efficiency silicon solar cells cost more than the standard silicon cells and are typically used in solar cars and other space applications.
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