The desire to decrease environmental impacts and reduce oil dependence is urging interest in alternative fuels and green technologies.
Manufacturers and researchers have been experimenting with technology that helps to build hybrids, electric cars and alternative fuel vehicles, for quite some time now, due of the growing concern for our environment.
Working of Hybrid cars
Hybrid car, also recognized as HEV or hybrid electric vehicle, is an automobile that is powered by two sources
An internal combustion engine
An electric motor
Hybrid cars have no use for plugs, as they are adequately charged by the movement of the wheels which stores the kinetic energy, generated through a process called regenerative braking.
Hybrid cars VS Electric Cars
Hybrid cars and electric cars are quite different. Gas motors in hybrid cars switch on automatically when the battery gets low and continues to charge the battery. Hybrid cars still use gas while electric cars do not.
× Unlike a hybrid car which needs to be fueled by gasoline and uses a battery and motor to improve efficiency an electric car is powered completely by electricity.
× An electric car uses electric motors and motor controllers for propulsion, instead of regular propulsion methods such as the internal combustion engine (ICE).
× They are generally powered by on-board battery packs, and as such are battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Other on-board energy storage techniques that are expected to come into exercise in the future include ultra capacitors, fuel cells, and a spinning flywheel which stores kinetic energy.
Wondering what is ethanol and how can it be used as alternate fuel?
Ω Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is a similar type of alcohol that is present in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol is mostly produced from corn or sugar cane, although this will change as cheaper cellulose ethanol prepared from fast growing woody grasses and other biomass.
About the Vehicles Running On Ethanol Fuel
Ω There are more than six million flexible-fuel vehicles on American roads capable of running on E85 ethanol, gasoline, or any blend of these two fuels in the same tank.
Ω Majority of diesel vehicles can run on low blends of biodiesel like B5, 5% renewable biodiesel + 95% petrodiesel. Ford E85 helps you to drive without burning a drop of gasoline.
Never run a standard gasoline vehicle on E85 since this can damage your engine and fuel system.
Though air powered cars seem like the stuff of fantasy, there are vehicles being developed that actually run on nothing but compressed air. This zero-emission ‘fuel’ is believed to hold assurance for future car models and is being found in many countries. Air power can be quite frightening, as mechanics have used pneumatic air powered tools to do heavy-duty work in service shops all over the world.
Unfortunately, air alone cannot be used as a fuel.
First, energy has to be stored in it by compressing the air tightly using a mechanical air compressor.
Once the compressed air is set free, it expands.
This expanding air can be used, for instance, to drive the pistons that power an engine.
Can you guess what would the technology used in future?
Cars in the future will evolve to run cleaner and faster than ever before, because technologies are being developed.
While more conventional technologies like hybrid cars and hydrogen fuel cells continue to push the limitations of today’s car technology,
all new innovations wil be introduced in the future, which also contributes to better fuel economy,
lower greenhouse gases and enhanced tailpipe emissions.
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