The legend of BMW stretches back to 1913 when Karl Rapp established the Rapp-Motorenwerke company. Initially it was started as a manufacturing firm making aircraft engine from a former bicycle company situated near Munich. Later on in 1922 it merged with Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG aircraft factory that was established close to this plant by Gustav Otto to form BMW. BMW stands for Bayerische Motoren Werke.
BMW during their early times focused mainly on the production of aircraft engines however it also produced some motorcycle engines. In reality the BMW logo thought to bear a spinning aircraft propeller. Later on after 1928 it became a licensed car manufacturing firm when it bought a car factory at Eisenach/Thuringia to produce cars called Dixi. BMW Dixi was the name given to the first car it produced, but it was dropped soon. It was the introduction of BMW 3/15 DA-2 that made a turning point to BMW which led them to endure the great depression.
BMW introduced the type 328 roadster designed by Fritz Fiedler in 1936 which became the most successful sports car ever produced by it. It’s attracting stylish aerodynamic body shape and possessing an inline 6-cylinder engine led to its excellent performance and handling.
During WWII BMW was involved in the production of aircraft engine which led to 3 year ban on production at the end of the war. By 1949 it again returned back to its track with the production of 250cc R24 motorcycle.
In 1951 BMW introduced a 6-cylinder spacious sedan called as 501 which in turn followed by the introduction of a lightweight alloy V8 engine called 502.Soon after they started producing a lightweight, V8 propelled BMW 507 sports car with an expectation that it would restore the victory which they gained with the 328 roadster. But unfortunately they started losing their money with every 507 production which in turn stopped their production in 1960.
During the post WWII years there was a need for tiny distance and contemptible hauling .So it was expected that Isetta was to become the most successful microcars as 2-seater, with an economical 250cc engine, fit the requirements nicely. Isetta got its design and manufacturing rights from BMW during 1950s. It was then sold to various companies around the world which included the British Railways works in Brighton, UK.
During 1960s BMW was again it its track with its outstanding success that includes a 1499cc, four cylinder touring sedan BMW 1500 introduced in 1961, which was the first modern BMW sports sedan. Soon after they engaged on the production of a series of well known sedans which included a 2-door sedan that was based upon the 4-door 1600 called BMW 2002. With this model they produced successful BMW 3 model series which continued until 1976.By 1970s BMW was recognized as an innovative automobile.